Implications of online dating
The following images represent just a snapshot of what it's like to dive into the exhausting and exhilarating world of parenthood in the 21st century.By Cristen Conger An emphasis on "good parenting" in recent years spawned an entire industry of experts, self-help books and products aimed at helping parents bring up blue-ribbon babies.Planetarium shows, hands-on crafts, lectures and musical performances round out the offerings.Matchmakers have paired up couples for centuries, and it doesn't seem as though laxer social rules and online dating has slackened their market.By Colleen Cancio The news is filled with a never-ending stream of tragedy and cruelty, but also with gestures and acts meant to improve the lives of others -- and the world. By Maria Trimarchi When horrific events such as school shootings and terrorist attacks happen, they're covered non-stop in the media.You can't shield your child from every mention of tragedies 24/7, so what's the best way to discuss sensitive subjects? They dart in front of you when you're checking out at the store.In clinical practice, these approaches appear equally effective; however, most patients and clinicians choose a graded approach because of the personal comfort level.In vivo vs imaginal In vivo exposure refers to real-world confrontation of feared stimuli.
We also discuss theoretical mechanisms, practical applications, and empirical support for this treatment and provide practical guidelines for clinicians who wish to use exposure therapy and empirical evidence to guide their decision making.Exposure therapy is defined as any treatment that encourages the systematic confrontation of feared stimuli, which can be external (eg, feared objects, activities, situations) or internal (eg, feared thoughts, physical sensations).The aim of exposure therapy is to reduce the person’s fearful reaction to the stimulus.Graded exposure vs flooding Most exposure therapists use a graded approach in which mildly feared stimuli are targeted first, followed by more strongly feared stimuli.This approach involves constructing an exposure hierarchy in which feared stimuli are ranked according to their anticipated fear reaction (Table 1).