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The Apostolic church ordinance has used a part, the Apostolic Constitutions have embodied the Didascalia. Fasts are not to be on Monday and Thursday "with the hypocrites " (i.e. Nor must Christians pray with the hypocrites, but they shall say the Our Father thrice a day. Matthew, and it is given with the doxology "for Thine is the power and the glory for ever", whereas all but a few manuscripts of St. We are not only reminded of the Hosanna and Sancta sanctis of the liturgies, but also of Apoc., xxii, 17, 20, and I Cor., xvi, 22.There are echoes in Justin, Tatian, Theophilus, Cyprian, and Lactantius. ii, 1, and these sections have no parallel in Barnabas; they may therefore be a later addition, and Hermas and the present text of the Didache may have used a common source, or Hermas may be the original. Matthew have this interpolation with "the kingdom and the power" etc. ix runs thus: "Concerning the Eucharist, thus shall you give thanks: 'We give Thee thanks, our Father, for the holy Vine of David Thy Child, which Thou hast made known to us through Jesus Thy Child; to Thee be the glory for ever'. In these prayers we find deep reverence, and the effect of the Eucharist for eternal Life, though there is no distinct mention of the Real Presence.Similarly the prophets stand in the place of the High Priest. Presbyters are not mentioned, and the bishops are clearly presbyter-bishops, as in Acts, xx, and in the Pastoral Epistles of St. On this ground therefore the Didache must be set either in the first century or else in some backwater of church life.There are other signs of early date : the simplicity of the baptismal rite, which is apparently neither preceded by exorcisms nor by formal admission to the catechumenate; the simplicity of the Eucharist, in comparison with the elaborate quasi-Eucharistic prayer in Clem., I Cor., lix-lxi; the permission to prophets to extemporize their Eucharistic thanksgiving; the immediate expectation of the second advent. — (1) The local ministers are bishops and deacons, as in St. The itinerant ministry is obviously yet more archaic.As we find the Christian Sunday already substituted for the Jewish Sabbath as the day of assembly in Acts, xx, 7 and I Cor., xvi, 2, and called the Lord's day ( Revelation ), there is no difficulty in supposing that the parallel and consequent shifting of the fasts to Wednesday and Friday may have taken place at an equally early date, at least in some places. In the second century prophecy was a charisma only and not a ministry, except among the Montanists. " The Didache places teachers below apostles and prophets, the two orders which St.— (2) The itinerant ministers are not mentioned by Clement or Ignatius. Paul makes the foundation of the Church ( Ephesians ). Paul not only to the Twelve, but also to himself, to Barnabas, to his kinsmen, Andronicus and Junias, who had been converted before him, and to a class of preachers of the first rank.ii with the Talmud may be certain; but on the other hand Funk has shown that (apart from the admittedly Christian ch.
The use of the Sibylline Oracles and other Jewish sources may be probable, and the agreement of ch."Ordain therefore for yourselves bishops and deacons, worthy of the Lord . Notice that it is for the sacrifice that bishops and deacons are to be ordained.The last chapter (xvi) exhorts to watching and tells the signs of the end of the world.Every Apostle is to be received as the Lord, and he may stay one day or two, but if he stay three, he is a false prophet.On leaving he shall take nothing with him but bread. Similarly with the order of prophets : to judge them when they speak in the spirit is the unpardonable sin ; but they must be known by their morals. All travellers who come in the name of the Lord are to be received, but only for two or three days; and they must exercise their trade, if they have one, or at least must not be idle.